Hagamos conciencia de la tiroides: una glándula pequeña pero poderosa

¿Cuán familiarizado está con la glándula pequeña pero poderosa que tiene forma de mariposa y reside en la base del cuello? Enero es el Mes de Concientización sobre la Tiroides, un momento para compartir información sobre la importancia de esta glándula y dirigir la atención a los síntomas que podrían estar relacionados con una enfermedad tiroidea. Although the thyroid gland is small, it produces a hormone that influences every cell, tissue and organ in your body, and helps maintain your body’s basic functions, such as temperature, heart rate, and growth and development.

Did You Know?*

  • More than 12 percent of the U.S. population will develop a thyroid condition during their lifetime.*
  • An estimated 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease.*
  • Up to 60 percent of those with thyroid disease are unaware of their condition.*
  • Women are five to eight times more likely than men to have thyroid problems.*


‘Thyroid disorder’ refers to a number of conditions that affect how the gland functions. Many people with thyroid disorders may not know that anything is wrong or could think that their symptoms are due to other causes. Symptoms can vary depending on whether a person’s thyroid is underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism).

Symptoms of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)

  • Fatiga
  • Weight gain
  • Memory loss or forgetfulness
  • Dry skin and hair loss
  • Hoarse voice
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Frequent and/or abnormally heavy menstrual periods

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)

  • Irritability and/or sleep disturbances
  • Pérdida de peso
  • Muscle weakness
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Infrequent and/or very light menstrual periods

Check Your Neck

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is made by the pituitary gland near your brain and stimulates the thyroid to make other important hormones. The best way to initially test thyroid function is to measure the TSH levels. Changes in TSH can serve as an “early warning system” to help detect thyroid problems.

If you are a healthcare provider, click here to become a client so you can begin ordering TSH and other thyroid function tests.


*American Thyroid Association https://www.thyroid.org/media-main/press-room/

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